Barcelona Pavillion by Mies Van der Rohe

 

The Barcelona Pavilion was designed in 1928 by architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and was constructed in 1929 in Barcelona Spain. It became one of the key projects of Van der Rohe. It stands for the modernism movement in the 20th century and has inspired many architects. Originally, i was designed as the German National Pavillion for the Barcelona International Exhibition in 1929.

The reason why I took the Barcelona Pavilion as a precedent is because of the construction detail. Whereas Zumthors project inspried me in terms of internal atmosphers and basic structural deisgn, Mies Van der Rohes pavilion has some really interesting constuction detail which I aslo want to apply to my design. Although he used stone and marble for materiality, they are not solid, the are thin plates hung on a steel frame construction which deals as sort of a sceleton. This ethod allos to have a more light-weight constcution which still apears to be solid.

Kolumba Art Museum Cologne (by Peter Zumthor)

... the Kolumba Art Museum is a reconstruction of the former Archdiocese in Cologne, which was destroyed during the allied air attacks on Germany during the second World War. Since that time, the building remained untouched and a ruin. The destroyed building dates back to a very long time, the time of the parish who used to populate Cologne in the medieval times. 

The new art museum was built, arising from the destroyed grounds of the diocese, creating a "living museum". The museum is displaying antique objects in a permanent collection as well as imports differents artefacts for exhibitions.The new building holds an arcgaeological exhibition on the ground floor, showing parts of the original building (some parts dating back to the 7th century). 

 

The key part of this building is Peter Zumthor´s way of joining the new and the old - the new building has a very heavy, almost monolithic feeling but still features some elements which go along with the old ruins of the Archdiocese. For the construction of the super structure of the new building, Peter Zumthor used custom made bricks, as cladding for the walls. 

Peter Zumthors approach to recover this ancient site in Germany was very thought-through and well designed. His building does not reveal much from the outside, but the interior spces he re-created are somehow magical and timeless.

 

My interest in this Zumthor project lies within the idea about creating a plain structure on the outside with a carefully and thought-through atmosphere and interior. The museums has exactly this effect. Also the way he joins the old existing structure with the new brick design is very interesting and something I will definitely take further for my own design of our current project. 

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The rules Van der Rohe is breaking by combining new and old - marble and steel - is exactly the effect I will try to achieve with my project as well - stone-like hevy elements for the SPA wheras the factory has to lok more modern, steel like.